OPSC Prelims 2018 (Solved Question) Odisha PSC

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Odisha Public Service Commission Prelims 2018


अजीब बातें भी कभी- कभी सच हो जाती है.



**UN World Youth Skills Day15th July



Maximum UNESCO World Heritage Sites= Maharashtra

______________________________

Maharashtra= 4 World Heritage sites & another one on shared basis.


>Ajanta Caves (Aurangabad),

>Ellora Caves (Aurangabad),

>Elephanta Caves (Mumbai),

>Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus/Victoria Terminus (Mumbai)

Western Ghats (Sahyadri sub-clusters).

_____________________________

>Ahmedabad = first Indian city to receive heritage status.


>38 World Heritage sites in India= 29 cultural sites+7 natural sites.


>UNESCO World Heritage Convention= 1972


>Agra Fort + Ajanta Caves= First 2 Indian sites.

_______________________________


Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary= Assam


__________________________________

>>Statutory Bodies<<

>Central Vigilance Commission

>Central Information Commission

>State Information Commission

>Nation Human Right Commission

>National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission.



Executive Bodies= NITI Aayog

___________________________________



**World Milk Day= 1st June

National Milk Day= 26 November


UN Economic & Social CouncilHeadquarter- New York, US

>one of 6 principal organs of United Nations= Founded: 1945 





**2024 Olympic Games= ParisSummer Olympics

______________________

2020 Summer= Tokyo


2022 Winter= Beijing
_____________________




Strachey Commission= prepared 'Famine Code






**Shyamji Krishna VermaNewspaper Indian Sociologist
abroad.





Portugal= first in bringing printing press to India.





**Diwan-e-amirkohi=Deptt of agriculture= Mohammad-Bin Tughlaq 

named Devagiri as {Doultabad}

=Capital from Delhi to Daulatabad (Devagiri).


____________________________________


>Diwan-e-wazaratBalbann= finance Deptt.


>Diwan-i-arz = Balban= maintaining the army (Ministry of War)


>Diwan-i-MustkharajAlauddin Khiljiland revenue (finance deptt). 

____________________________________



**Haji Ibrahim Sarhindi translated= Atharvaveda in Persian Language.





*Tebhaga Revolt, 1946 =Bengalpeasant agitation

>led by All India Kisan Sabha, =peasant wing of CPI.



Dadabhai Naoroji elected to= House of Commons to speak for Indian interests in 1890s?


>Dadabhai Naoroji: The 1st Indian in British house of commons.




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Primary sector = Production of raw material & basic foods.

>it include agriculture, mining, forestry, farming, grazing, hunting and gathering, fishing, quarrying.



Extraction of raw materials (primary), manufacturing (secondary), services (tertiary).

_________________________________



**Horticulture widely farmed in= {Temperate region}




**Line joining points with equal cloud cover = Isoneph






*Process that shapes earth's surface= Geomorphic process

>Internal & external forces causing changes in configuration of surface of the earth are known as geomorphic processes





*U-shaped valley formed by= Glacier




Mist formed as a result of = Condensation





***Concurrent Subject List

Concurrent List52 items (though last item is numbered 47)

Actionable wrongs + Bankruptcy & insolvency + Trust & Trustees.
+ Forests+ Price control


**State List

State List= 61 items

Exp- Capitation taxes.




Official languages= Art 343




Artcle 21Right to life + personal liberty + right to privacy




**Sevottam= an administrative measure to improve quality of public services in India.





**World Economic Outlook report= IMF





**OTCEI= An Indian Share Market OTC Exchange of India.




National Income estimated by= Central Statistical Organization







**To lower interest rates, RBI should= Buy securities

>To lower interest rates, RBI needs to increase money supply in economy= through purchase of securities by RBI.






**Gresham's law= Monetary principle =bad money drives out good.

>Overvalued one (bad money) + Undervalued one (good money)


_________________________________

>Gresham’s law comes into operation = when a new coin (bad money) is assigned same face value as a superior older coin (good money).


>In such case, new coin will be used in circulation while old coin will be hoarded and thus disappear from circulation.
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Absolute Poverty means= Poverty in terms of basic minimum calorie requirements.






Gilt-edged securities= issued by Government.




Montreux Record= a register of wetland sites.

**Keoladeo National Parkenlisted in Montreaux Recorda vast bird sanctuary.

>formerly known as= Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, Rajasthan.





Top 5 Green House Gases

1. WATER VAPOR

2. CARBON DIOXIDE

3. METHANE

4. Nitrous Oxide

5. Ozone

__________

Lichens= Biological indicator of SO2 pollution.





Bioremediation= to treat contaminated media, including water, soil and subsurface material.






**Ecological Footprint= measures human demand on nature.

>it measures how much nature we have & how much nature we use.

>Unit of Ecological Footprint [Global Hectare]





Argan oil helps to prevent:
>Cancers
>Lowers Cholesterol (Cardiovascular diseases & Obesity)





Sericulutre = rearing practice of Silk worm.





Biomagnificaiton= increase in quantity of Toxicants

>toxins are concentrated in an organism_as larger animals continue to eat smaller animals.






Brithtness of bulb decreases gradually because of =Evaporation of metal from filament of bulb.






**ICMR= Indian Council of Medical Research

Headquarter: New Delhi 





Antioxidants present in food stuffs

a) Retard action of oxygen on food materials.

b) Helps in its preservation.

c) Prevents spoilage.




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OPSC Prelims 2018 (Solved Question) Odisha PSC OPSC Prelims 2018 (Solved Question) Odisha PSC Reviewed by Admin on January 01, 2020 Rating: 5

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