Modern History (Important Question Series) Part 1

1 August~ Non-Cooperation Movement was announced formally.


4 September 1920, Congress met at Calcutta in a special session.  presided by Lala Lajpat Rai.



Gandhi-Irwin Pact~15th March



first Independence day unofficially celebrated before Independence?
26th January 1930

[Congressmen issued directive of celebrating the first Independence Day on January 26, 1930]



British Prime Minister who convened the First Round Table Conference in London?
chaired by then British Prime Minister, Ramsay MacDonald

inaugurated by British King (George V)



My strongest bulwark is gone' lamented Mahatma Gandhi on the death of [Bal Gangadhar Tilak]



Dandi March- started on 12 march from Sabarmati Ashram in Gujarat and reached Dandi on 6 April 1930 and broke the salt law.


Thrice President of Indian National Congress
Dadabhai Naoroji 
Culcutta- 1886
Lahore- 1893
Culcutta- 1906


Extremist Turned Spiritualist-
Sri Aurobindo [Aurobindo Ghose]



Gandhiji gave the title 'Deen Bandhu' to C F Andrews.


The famous slogan Inquilab Zindabad (इंक़िलाब ज़िन्दाबाद) was given by [Hasrat Mohani]

>slogan 'Inquilab Zindabad' was popularized by [Bhagat Singh]




[Dadabhai Naoroji] said that the exploitative nature of British rule was 'Bleeding India White'.


upto Que 20
________________________________________________


'Newspaper' of Annie Besant?
New India



It is not reforms but re-form _BC Pal

A subject people has no soul_ Lajpat Rai



Who said that the constant 'drain of wealth' from India was
responsible for Indla's economic miseries?
Dadabhai Naoroji



The Dyarchy which was introduced on 1921 In province a
was in force till the year
1937


Satyagraha Sabha was formed by Gandhi at
Bombay



Dyer was ______ by the Government of Britain.
relieved of his service



Khilafat Movement was organised by
Ali Brothers
{led by Shaukat Ali, Mohammad Ali Jauhar and Abul Kalam Azad}



Khilafat Movement was organised to protest against the
injustice done to
Turkey




Where did Gandhi call the Congress Working Committee to
announce the suspension of Non-Cooperation movement?
Bardoli



who died as political prisoner in Lahore prison?
Jatindra Nath Das
>Hunger strike



slogan "Do or Die"
Mahatma Gandhi



Vaikom Satyagraha- 1924
To fight intouchability in Kerala

On 1st April, 1924, Satyagraha was withdrwan temporarily following Gandhiji's advise.





The Bardoli Satyagraha was led by
Vallabhbhai Patel (in 1928)




Second Round Table conference
September 7, 1931
Lord Wellingdon

Winston Churchill _called Gandhi a “Naked Seditious Fakir“.


Gandhi represented Indian National Congress

Sarojini Naidu represented Indian women.

>sole outcome of this session was the widening of the gap between the Congress and the minorities

>Except Sikhs, all of the minorities (including Dalits) wanted to get their own separate electorates.





The Permanent settlement Introduced by Cornwallis in Bengal_known as
Zamindari System

in 1793.



Who was the first Indian ruler to apply the western methods
to his administration?
Tipu Sultan



Upto 60
____________________________________



Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929

>>fixed the age of marriage for girls at 14 years and boys at 18 years _popularly known as the Sarda Act, after its sponsor Harbilas Sarda.





The Nawab of Awadh who permanently transferred his
capital from Faizabad to Lucknow was
Asaf-ud-daula




Govind Dhondu Pant, popularly known was Nanasaheb,
and one of the principal leaders of the Revolt of 1857, was
the adopted heir and successor of
Peshwa Baji Rao II





The Zamindari Association, which was later renamed Landholders’ Society, was established in 1837

>the first organisation of Bengal with distinct political object.





A 19th century social reformer who is regarded as the bridge between the past and the future is
Raja Ram Mohun Roy





The Deccan Riots of 1874-75 in Maharashtra were directed
against

Moneylenders








tribal rebellions_two tribal brothers, Kanhu and Sidhu,
proclaim the end of the Company's rule in their region, _and to supress their rebellion the government had to use military force?

Santhal Rebellion in Bihar (1855-56)





-----------------------------------------
Major tribal uprisings

Kol Rebellion (1832)
Chhotanagpur area


Santhal Hul (1855)
Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal _against British & Zamindari system.

>first rebellion occurred in 1854 _led by Bir Singh
>second rebellion started in June 1855_two brothers Sidhu and Kanhu.



Munda Ulgulan (1899 – 1900)

Chotanagpur area.

-------------------------------------------------








One of the earliest and the best known mutinies before the
Revolt of 1857 was

Indian Soldiers Mutiny at Vellore (1806)






Jyotirao Phule-  eradication of untouchability and the caste system, and women's emancipation.

Books by Jyotirao Phule
Gulamgiri,
Shetkarayacha Aasud




The social reformer of Maharashtra who became famous by his pen name lokhitwadi was
Gopal Hari Deshmukh




Kuka Movement- Punjab



Upto 100__________________________________________














































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