Polity (Prelims 2019) Subject Test

1. Constitution Making



In which of the following act, provisions were made to establish a Supreme Court in Calcutta–
Regulating Act, 1773







When was Rajendra Prasad elected as the permanent chairman of the Constituent Assembly–
11 December, 1946









In which of the following, the first glimpse of the principle of Constituent Assembly in India was seen–
In Swaraj Bill, 1895

prepared under the direction of Tilak.











Under which article the short title of Indian Constitution has been provided–
Article-393
The abbreviated name of The Indian Constitution is given under article 393, which is ‘Constitution of India’.

Article 394 refers to the enforcement of the Constitution.












Who was the first Vice-Chairman of Constituent Assembly–
H.C. Mukharjee

The first permanent president of the Constitution Assembly was Dr. Rajendra Prasad












Who said, “Constituent Assembly was Congress and congress was India”–
Austin











Which of the following is the most important element of a state?
Sovereignty













Dr. Ambedkar said which of the following article as the soul of the Constitution-
Right to constitutional remedies











Partially responsible governments in provinces were formed under which of the following act?
The Government of India Act, 1919








Who was the chairman of Princely States committee of Constituent Assembly?
Dr. Rajendra Prasad











The tenures of state council and legislative council according to the Government of India Act, 1919 were–
5 years and 3 years respectively.





_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Polity Miscellaneous



Comptroller and Auditor General of India – Article 148

Tribunal – Article 323(A)








The right to property is a statutory right under Article 300 (A).









MISA= Maintenance of Internal Security Act
The Internal Security Act was a controversial law passed by the Indian Parliament in 1971. In this, the authorities maintaining law and order were given a lot of rights.









Who declined the principles of governance on the basis of myths and proverbs–
Herbert Simon






First Schedule - List of States and Union Territories,

Second Schedule - related to salary and allowances,

Third Schedule - Related to Oaths and Affirmations.

Fourth Schedule – Allotment of places in Rajya Sabha








Dinesh Goswami Committee recommended–
The government funding of the election of Lok Sabha







The Committee which investigated the association of politicians and criminals and submitted its report–
Vohra Committee










Which of the following is related to Right to Information Act-2005?
Namit Sharma Vs. Union of India










(a) Bicameral system - Montague Chelmsford Reforms,1919

(b) Legislative Devolution - Council of India Act, 1861

(c) Separate Electorate College - Morley Minto Reform, 1909

(d) Provincial autonomy - Government of India Act, 1935.








Under which article, there is a provision of education in mother tongue at primary level?
Article-350 (A)










The first official languages commission was formed under the chairmanship of–
B.G. Kher











National women commission was established through–
An act passed by Parliament











Who controls the National Disaster Response fund formed under the Disaster Management Act, 2005–
Central Home Minister /Union Home Minister








Under which article of the Constitution of India, there is a provision of reservation for Scheduled Castes and tribes–
Article-330











Institute of Democracy and Election Management is situated in–
New Delhi









If Financial emergency is proclaimed in India then–

1. President can order any state government from economic point of view.

2. The salary of officers of Union and State Governments can be reduced.

3. It may compel all the Finance Bills of the State to be submitted for its approval.












The meaning of Swaraj to Gandhiji was–
Adoption of betterment of all


self-restraint, which makes a person dicent and great and gives him the ability to make important contribution in the progress and well being of the society.








Which of the following office was established in India on the recommendation of Santhanam Committee–
Central Vigilance Commission







For the protection of women against domestic violence, the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence act was passed in–
2005

while it was implemented in 2006










In which year Citizens Rights Act was passed for to punish for the crime related to caste and religion–
1955






State Advocate General is constitutional body. 









__________________________________________________________________________________

Central Executive and Parliament

Which of the following parliamentary committee consists of only Lok Sabha members–
Estimates Committee











Who of the following is appointed by the President–

Chairman of Finance Commission

Chief Minister of Union Territory Region

Comptroller and Auditor General of India.




Deputy Chairman of NITI Aayog is appointed by the Prime Minister.







Prime Minister or a member of the Council of Ministers may speak in any House. But they can cast their vote in the same house of which they belong to.

If the Prime Minister is the member of Upper House then–
He will not be able to vote in his favour in the situation of no confidence motion







The resolution related to the removal of Vice-President of India can be passed in–
Only Rajya Sabha
Article-67 (b)









Who of the following appoints the chairman of Public Accounts Committee–
Lok Sabha Speaker








On which of the following main principle, the Parliamentary system works–
Responsibility of Executive to Legislature











Rajya Sabha has a exclusive power to recommend for the formation of which of the following under Article-312 of the Constitution of India–
All India Services








The Advisory Committee of the Parliament members for the Railway Zones is constituted by–
Parliamentary Works Ministry

The Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs constitutes advisory committee for each zone of the railway, with MPs elected from the boundary of the respective zone.








Privilege Motion against a minister can be brought if he–restricts/holds a facts in a case or presents the wrong facts.








chief minister of any State before becoming the Prime Minster of India–
Morarji Desai
Charan Singh
P.V. Narshimha Rao









The adjournment motion of the Parliament has the objective–
To criticise any specific policy of the government








In presidential system, the tenure of the President is fixed, while in the system of parliamentary governance, the executive continues as long as it gains the trust of the Legislature.









basis of ineligibility to be elected as a member of Parliament–

1. If a person keeps an office of profit under state government.

2. If a person has voluntarily taken the citizenship of a foreign country.

3. If a person is announced ineligible by Tenth Schedule.











How many times President’s rule was implemented in Uttar Pradesh–
10 times







The Commission on The basis of whose recommendation Union Government grants help to state from Consolidated Fund of India–
Finance Commission









The number of quorum in Rajya Sabha is–
25

The number of members of Rajya Sabha can be up to 250 under Article 80 of the Constitution. 










Tenure of the President  -  Article-56 (A)

Tenure of the Vice-President - Article-67

Right of Attorney General  -  Article-88 








money bill–
President may approve or reject the money bill, but cannot return for reconsideration.

 Rajya Sabha can hold a Money Bill for a maximum period of 14 days.

Finance bill is mentioned under article 117 (1) and 117 (3).








How many members are elected to Lok Sabha from Union territory region–
13


530 members are elected from 28 states, 13 members from 7 Union Territories and 2 Anglo-Indian members, with a total strength of 545.





______________________________________________________________________________________________

Centre-State Relation

Under which article of the Constitution, Parliament can form laws on the state list for the implementation of international agreement–

Article-253






Panchayati Raj system started on October 2, 1959 in Nagaur. 







Economic relations between Central government and states have been mentioned in–
Article-268-281









L.M. Singhvi and P.K. Thungan Committee = granting constitutional status to Panchayati Raj Institutions. 

Ashok Mehta Committee = two-tier (Zilla Parishad and Mandal Panchayat) panchayat system.








Which article of the Constitution provides preference to constitutional provisions over the rules/laws made by Federal Parliament/State Legislatures–

Article-13

Article 13 of the Constitution mentions that the Union and the State shall not make any law which undermines the fundamental rights provided in Part-3.











Adulteration of food items and other goods comes under the concurrent list (

Tax on wealth, trade, livelihood and planning= union list







President’s rule can be imposed in any state under the provision of Article 356, 365 in the Constitution of India.




Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions are done under part-21 of constitution.

Article 371 (B) = special provisions for tribal areas of [Assam].





The provision to order states by the Union was taken from which of the following by the Indian Constitution Drafter–
Government of India Act, 1935

Although the Govt of India Act 1935 granted autonomy to provinces, yet it allowed federal govt to have powers by which it could interfere in the provincial territory.










The status of special state in India is given on the basis of which formula–
Gadgil Formula













Administrative Reforms Commission - 1966.

Raj Mannar Committee – 1969

Sarkariya Commission – 1983

M.M. Punchi Commission – 2007













Which of the following is not under the work of local government–
to maintain public order



Public health, sanitation, public utility services = are responsibility of the local government, 

but maintaining public order is the responsibility of = state govt machinery, such as police.











*1. Cabinet System of Government – Separation of Power 

2. Presidential System – Collective responsibility

*3. Federal System of Government – Division of Power

4. Unitary System of Government – Centralization  of Powers











Five Zonal Councils were established in India. Headquarter of West Zonal Council–
[Mumbai]


The Western Zonal Council is headquartered in Mumbai. There are 5 states under this council, which are - Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu.








In [Second Five-Year Plan], Balwant Rai Mehta Committee suggested to introduce the Panchayati Raj in India.









How many Gram Panchayat members have been ensured per 1 thousand population–
9


Gram panchayat members are decided on the basis of population. In Uttar Pradesh, there is a provision of electing 9 members per 1 thousand population.












A state has been prohibited from separating from Union of India through–
6th Amendment Act, 1963


In the 16th Amendment of the constitution it is said if any one speaks about separation from the country, it will not be considered as part of freedom of speech.











Recommendation of Finance Commission is placed before Parliament under Article 281.

14th Finance Commission is headed by Y.V. Reddy. 

The Contingency Fund Act, was passed in 1950

M.M. Punchhi Commission was constituted in 2007.








The Financial relation of centre and State are mentioned in Article–
Articles 268-293. 

Part XII of Constitution.





____________________________________________________________

State Executive and Assembly



State Finance Commission is a –
[Constitutional body]

Article 243 (I) and 243 (Y) 









Governor can recommend the President on which of the following subjects–

1. Removal of Council of Ministers of State

2. Dissolution of State Legislative Assembly

3. Announcement of failure of constitutional machinery in the state.




Reserving any special bill passed in Legislative Assembly for President if constitutional machinery in the state fails or is suspended.







Under [Article 169], State Assembly should pass a resolution to this effect by a majority of total number of 2/3 of members present and voting.







Indian Parliament passed state reorganisation act in 1956 for forming–
14 States and 6 Union Territories








Article-371 (A) provisions for special status of which of the following states–
Nagaland








The President’s rule can be maximum implemented upto–
3 year








Under which Constitutional Amendment the provision for reservation of SC and ST in Legislative Assemblies of the States have been made?

[90th Constitutional Amendment, 2003]

Article-332











discretionary powers of governor–

1. Returning bill for reconsidering under article-200

2. Recommending President’s rule under article-356

3. Appointment of Chief Minister

4. Asking government to prove majority in Legislative Assembly








The highest number of Legislative Council seats in India is in state of Uttar Pradesh (99), while 75 seats have been formed in Karnataka and 75 in Bihar.










Executive Power of state is under the Governor.

The real executive body in state is council of Minister.








Which district of Uttar Pradesh has maximum legislative Assembly Seats–
Prayagraj








The article 243(I) and 243(Y) of the Constitution of India are related to–
State Finance Commission



__________________________________________________________

Judiciary

Keshavananda Bharti v/s. State of Kerala dispute (1973)
principle of basic structure of the Constitution.







Which judge of supreme court played an decisive role in introducing cases of Public Welfare–

P.N. Bhagwati

re-establishment of the public interest litigation.






Which of the following category of cases is not included under the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court–
[Between residents of two or more states.]








How many High Courts have more than one state under their jurisdiction? (Not include UTs)
3

The jurisdiction of 3 High Courts, except Union Territories, is in more than one state:

1. High Court of Guwahati,= Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland

2. Bombay High Court= Goa, maharashtra

3. Punjab=  Haryana, Punjab





Under what law it is mentioned that all the proceedings of the Supreme Court will be carried out in English Language–
Article-348 of the Constitution










Ad hoc judges of the Supreme Court is appointed when–
The quorum of judges for a hearing in the court is not fulfilled.









The system of Public Welfare started in India–
[By Judicial initiative]


The system of public interest litigation was initiated at the initiative of the Supreme Court in India. The credit for this goes to PN Bhagwati.













In case, Supreme Court first time limited power of Parliament in Constitution Amendment?
[Golak Nath Vs. State of Punjab]

Firstly in Golaknath v/s State of Punjab dispute (1967), the Supreme Court imposed limitations on the power, to amend the Constitution, of Parliament.










In which of the following article, it is inherent that in case of any doubt and dispute related to the election of President, the decision of the Supreme Court will be final–

Article-71







The pension of the judges of High Court is provided from which of the following fund?
Consolidated Fund of Union









The Principle of prospective adjudication by the Supreme Court was adopted in–
[Golakhnath Vs. state of Punjab decision]

According to the doctrine of predictive regulation, if a court declares a law illegal, the decision will be applicable to future cases. Not to previous cases.





________________________________________________________

 Fundamental Right and Duties

Which of the following article of the constitution is related to the protection in respect to the conviction of offences?

Article-20


Prohibition of human trafficking and forced labor - Art. 23

protection against conviction of offences - Art. 20

Protection from arrest and detention - Art. 22









Fundamental rights mentioned in [Articles 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 and 29] are available only to Indian citizens and not to foreign nationals.

Article 17= Abolition of untouchability: 

 Article 18= Abolition of titles
prohibits the Indian citizens from receiving titles from any foreign state.




{Source: ClearIAS}
The Fundamental Rights guaranteed by [Articles 15, 16, 19, 29, and 30] are available only to citizens of India.

Article 15 – Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.

Article 16 – Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.

Article 29 – Protection of language, script and culture of minorities.

Article 30 – Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.










Which article of the Constitution of India directs the state to make effective provisions for ensuring the right to work–
Article-41








Under which article of Indian Constitution State has right to protect environment, forest and wild life–
Article-48 (A)

Article-48 (a) was added by 42nd Constitution Amendment in 1976













 Index-I - Index-II
 A. Free legal aid to  people by State -  Article-39(A)

 B. Protection and Improvement of environment of the country - Article-48 (A)

 C. To raise the level  of nutrition and the standard of living -  Article-47










Which of the following cases were related to fundamental rights–

1. First Constitution Amendment, 1951

2. Minerwa Mills Vs. Union of India, 1980

3. Shankari Prasad Vs. Union of India, 1951

4. Keshawa Nand Bharti Vs. State of Kerala, 1973









There is a provision for amendment in fundamental right under article- 368 

under article 13, No change can be made in the official characterization of fundamental rights.






___________________________________________________________

Election

Election Commissioner can be removed by–
President on the advice of Chief Election Commissioner

According to Article-324(5) of the Constitution, the Chief Election Commissioner can be removed.









National Voter Day is observed on–
25 January








Election monitoring system was first implemented in which state–
Goa

Under this system, the fingerprint of the voters will be recorded by finger print reading machines with web cameras mounted on computers along with their photographs.








If the number of candidate on one seat is more than 64 then how will the election be conducted–
The election of this seat will be conducted through Ballot box instead of EVM









Exit polls are prohibited until the last stage. Not Opinion Polls. 

Code of conduct becomes effective from the day the election dates are announced by the Election Commission.









____________________________________________________________________

Citizenship and Preamble

 acquiring Citizenship through Naturalization





Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) card

Person Of Indian Origin (PIO) card





___________________________________________________

Constitutional Amendment


Which four new languages were added in 8th Schedule by 92nd Amendment–

Dogri, Bodo, Maithili, Santhali








________________________________________________________________________________

. UP Special

Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh who has also adorn the post of Prime Minister–
[Chaudhari Charan Singh, V.P. Singh]





Uttar Pradesh has [42 female]members in the 17th legislative assembly.





Uttar Pradesh High Court was first constituted in 1866 in [Agra]. Subsequently moved to Allahabad in 1889.







There are 4 additional courts in Lucknow and 2 in Ghaziabad, 
so a total of [6 additional courts] in Uttar Pradesh for the hearing of cases investigated by CBI.








Yogi Aadityanath is the Chief Minister of what sequence with respect to person–
21st






The former name of Uttar Pradesh was United Provinces, with [Sir Harcourt Spencer Butler] as its first governor.








In Uttar Pradesh, [17 Lok Sabha seats] have been reserved for Scheduled Castes.





Under which article money bill cannot be introduced in Legislative Council of Uttar Pradesh–

articles -198










Uttar Pradesh borders [Rajasthan, Haryana, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh]. 








From which year the Panchayat election in Uttar Pradesh was started by State Election Commission–

1995










After how many years, no-confidence motion can be brought against Mayers in Uttar Pradesh–
After 2 year


No confidence motion can be brought against the mayor after two years. If not passed, then such a motion cannot be brought again for two years.








Who have been speaker of Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh 3 times each–

 Aatma Ram Govind Kher + Sri Keshari Nath Tripathi

[Atmaram Govind Kher & Kesari Nath Tripathi] both of them have been three times Speaker of the Uttar Pradesh Assembly.








Uttar Pradesh Lokayuktas Act was passed in–
1975

The Uttar Pradesh Public Commissioner Act, 1975 was passed by the Government of Uttar Pradesh in 1975.









How many central Prison have been established in Uttar Pradesh–
6

6 central prisons have been established in Uttar Pradesh. [Agra, Bareilly, Lucknow, Fatehgarh, Naini (Allahabad), Varanasi].










Which of the following three divisions of Uttar Pradesh have highest 6 districts each?
[Kanpur, Lucknow, Meerut]


Uttar Pradesh has 18 divisions, with Kanpur, Lucknow and Meerut divisions having the most districts.








How many Zila Panchayat are there in Uttar Pradesh–
75









In Uttar Pradesh, the main tax levied by District Panchayat is [property and situation] tax








The first police museum of the country has been established at [Ghaziabad] in Uttar Pradesh.










When was Uttar Pradesh state Human Rights Commission formed–[7 October, 2002]

 under Human Rights Protection Act, 1993.








Legal Services Authorities Act in Uttar Pradesh was passed in–
1987

In the wake of the 42nd constitutional amendment, the Legal Services Authorization Act was passed in Uttar Pradesh in 1987, in which a three-tier authority has been established at the state, district and tehsil levels








In Uttar Pradesh, the minimum age for the member or head (Pradhan) or other office bearers of Panchayats is [21 years]







The smallest district of Uttar Pradesh with respect to area is–
Hapur

Lakhimpur Kheri is the largest district of Uttar Pradesh.










When was ‘One district one product’ was launched by Uttar Pradesh–
24 January, 2018








A parallel government was formed by Chittu Pandey in [Ballia], Uttar Pradesh during the Quit India Movement.








How many women Chief Minister have been there in Uttar Pradesh–
2






Polity (Prelims 2019) Subject Test Polity (Prelims 2019) Subject Test Reviewed by Admin on April 02, 2020 Rating: 5

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