PCS Mock Test Notes 1 (Total 5 Tests)

1. Lokpal : statutory body


2. Indian Constituent Assembly
seats allocated to each British province=divided among Muslims, Sikhs and general (all except Muslims and Sikhs), in
proportion to their population.


Representatives of princely states= nominated by heads of princely states.



3. Constituent Assembly

B.N. Rau= constitutional advisor (Legal advisor)
H.V.R. Iyengar = Secretary to Constituent Assembly.

S.N. Mukerjee= chief draftsman of constitution

Prem Behari Narain Raizada =calligrapher of Indian Constitution.






4.Dissolution of lower house by President= feature of Indian parliamentary democracy




5.
121st CA Bill    – NJAC
122nd CA Bill   – GST

123rd CA Bill    –  National Commission for Backward Classes
124th CA Bill    – economically weaker sections
125th CA Bill    – Sixth Schedule Areas






6.
10% reservation= by amending Article 15 and 16 = 103rd Amendment Act, 2019




7.Which Section of IPC penalises 'marital rape'?
 [None]

>Under section 375 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), forced intercourse in marriages is considered to be a crime only if the wife is below the age of 15.

>As the legal age of marriage is 18 for girls in India, marital rape does not fall under any legal jurisdiction.





8.Rule of Law in Indian constitutional






9.Verma Committee (1999)
 Fundamental Duties of the Citizens






10.Constitutional amendment bill
Can be introduced either by a minister or by a [private member] and does not require prior permission of the president

It cannot be introduced in the state legislatures.







11. can be amended by simple majority of the Parliament.

1. Admission or establishment of new states.
2. Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing states.
3. Abolition or creation of legislative councils in states.
4. Second Schedule—emoluments, allowances, privileges and so on of the president, the governors, judges, etc.
5. Quorum in Parliament.
6. Salaries and allowances of the members of Parliament.
7. Rules of procedure in Parliament.
8. Privileges of the Parliament, its members and its committees.
9. Use of English language in Parliament.
10. Number of puisne judges in the Supreme Court.

11. Conferment of more jurisdiction on the Supreme Court.
12. Use of official language.
13. Citizenship—acquisition and termination.
14. Elections to Parliament and state legislatures.
15. Delimitation of constituencies.
16. Union territories.
17. Fifth Schedule—administration of scheduled areas and scheduled tribes.
18. Sixth Schedule—administration of tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram









12.Below provisions can only be amended by special majority of the Parliament with consent of at least one-half of the all StatesLegislatures.

1. Election of the President and its manner.
2. Extent of the executive power of the Union and the states.
3. Provisions related to Supreme Court and High Courts.
4. Distribution of legislative powers between the Union and the States.
5. Any of the lists in the Seventh Schedule.
6. Representation of States in Parliament.
7. Power of Parliament to amend the Constitution and its procedure (Article 368 itself).









13. Shankari Prasad case (1951



Golak Nath case (1967)



Kesavananda Bharati case (1973)



Minerva Mills case (1980)







14. Saryu river
 Uttar Pradesh and Uttarkhand

confluence of rivers Karnali and Mahakali.
Tributary of River Ganges.







*15.Size of Uttar Pradesh Budget 2019-20 presented in February 2019 was
[Rs 4,79,701 crore]





*16.Growth rate of GSDP of Uttar Pradesh (at current prices) for the period 2011-16 was -

10%





*17.For Uttar Pradesh, the share of Agriculture, Manufacturing and Services respectively in State Gross Value Added (GSVA) in 2016-17 was
[27%, 26% and 47%]







18.Which languages is spoken by the least numer of people in UP?

[Bagheli ]











19.Who introduced uniform salt tax throughout British India?
Lord Lytton






20 Hunter Commission's recommendation?

Lord Ripon appointed first Indian Education Commission in 1882 under Chairmanship of William Hunter.

I. primary education should be imparted through vernacular.

II. transfer of control of primary education to newly set up district and municipal boards.

III. recommended that secondary (High School) education should have two divisions—
literary—leading up to university
vocational—for commercial careers.







21-29
Factory Act of 1881
banned the employment of children below [7 years]





Sangam literature flourished under= Pandyas






Madhuben plate inscription + Sonpat inscription
 Harshavardhana







Banskhera inscription= Harshavardhana







Aurangazeb
 created a separate department to enforce moral codes under a high-powered officer called Muhtasib. Drinking was prohibited.

He discontinued the practice of Jarokhadarshan.





Arjumand Banu Begum was the maiden name of -
Begum Mumtaj Mahal







Vijaynagar Administration
 Empire was divided into Mandalams
 local authorities had full autonomy
 Top-grade officers of the army were known as Nayaks or Poligars




Danish East India Company was formed?
 1616





resolutions on Fundamental Rights and National Economic Policy were passed in
 Karachi,1931  sessions of INC






Which incident immediately preceded Bardoli resolution?
Chauri Chaura incident  (4 February 1922)

Bardoli (12 February, 1922)







National Flag of India was decided to be a horizontal tricolour.
Who proposed the resolution regarding this?
[Jawaharlal Nehru]


It was Jawaharlal Nehru who moved the crucial “Objectives Resolution”, as well as the resolution proposing that the National Flag of India be a “horizontal tricolour of  of saffron, white and dark green in equal proportion”,







Who strongly supported the continuance of separate electorates?
 B. Pocker Sahib Bahadur






 causes of the downfall of Mughal Empire :
1.Religious and Deccan policies of Aurangazeb
2. weak successors
3. vastness of empire
4. Neglect of the sea power
5.Financial difficulties due to continuous wars.
6. Invasions of Nadir Shah and Ahmad Shah Abdali






Blood Plasma transports food, carbon dioxide and nitrogenous
wastes in dissolved form.







Sphygmomanometer is used to measure -





*47th Chief Justice of India
 S. Arvind Bobde




___________________________________________________

51.
*New CEO of UIDAI(Unique Identification Authority of India)?




*United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP25) to be held in December 2019, hosted by -
[Madrid, Spain]




*As on 1st November 2019, the total membership of International Solar Alliance was -
83






*Which tennis player has topped in recently released ATP Rankings 2019?



*Who became first Indian cricketer to reach 100 T20 International matches recently?





What is 'Powehi'?
first-ever black hole to be photographed




Black Hole is a region of space -
 with immense gravity





Black hole made its entry into physics due to work of -
Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity.






*Government of India has decided to skip BS-V
Shift from current BS-IV emission norms to BS-VI directly from April 2020.






Vedanta Desika (1268–1369 A.D.) was associated with -
 Srivaishnava tradition









name of pre-monsoon shower of India?
Bordoisila बोदइिसला

Cherry Blossom shower

Kaal Baisakhi







The powers to initiate or cancel the registration of an NGO under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA)
Ministry of Home Affairs



______________________________________________________________

71-

earliest attempt to estimate the Poverty incidence in pre-independent India?
Dada Bhai Nauroji







Dandekar and Rath committee recommendations= poverty estimation based on [calorie consumption]. Since 1971, Dandekar-Rath formula had been used for poverty estimation.

Consumption expenditure basis for poverty estimation by [Lakdawala committee].







Components of Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana - National Urban Livelihood Mission?
1. Capacity Building and Training
2. Employment through skill training and placement
3. Shelter Homes for Urban Homeless

4.Social Mobilization and institutional development
5.Self-employment program
6. Support to urban street vendors









 objective to set up the National Investment Fund in 2005?








Stamp duty = Indirect tax
levied on documents to make them legally effective





Tax expenditure
Tax expenditure shows the extent of indirect subsidy enjoyed by the taxpayers in the country.







Revenue Expenditure of the Government Budgeting process.
Interest Payment
Subsidies
Expenditure on defence

#Expenditure on infrastructure is part of capital expenditure and not that of revenue expenditure.









Primary Deficit in Government Budgeting?
fiscal deficit subtracted by Interest Payment on past loans

Primary Deficit =difference b/w current year’s fiscal deficit (total income – total expenditure of govt) and interest paid on borrowings of previous year.






 Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act
 2003



__________________________________________________________________


Eastern Economic Forum takes place every year at
 Vladivostok






United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification was adopted in
 1994






Bamboonomics movement




Goals of Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) include :
 Search for evidence of past or present life in Mars
Understand the climate and volatile history of Mars
To characterize the geology of Mars






The phenomena of Red Shift is related to which of the following?
Expansion of universe






Ocean currents are influenced by which of  these factors?
heat generated by solar energy, wind, gravity and coriolis force.

The rotation of earth causes coriolis force. On the other hand revolution of earth is not a cause of ocean currents.






Saline soils of India
Formed due to capillary action.
Occur in waterlogged and swampy areas.
Also known as 'Usara' soils.







***El Niño = occurrence of a warm current off the [coast of Peru].
La Nina = warmer-than-normal sea-surface temperatures to [southern Pacific Ocean]


>La Nina is counterpart to El Nino, which is characterized by unusually warm ocean temperatures in equatorial region of Pacific Ocean

>La Niña is referred to as cold phase of ENSO and El Niño as warm phase of ENSO.







 Volcanos in India -
1. Barren Island is an active volcanic site.
2. Narcondam Island is almost extinct volcano









Primary Waves (P waves): Also called the longitudinal or compressional waves.
They are  Analogous to sound waves

Velocity of P waves in Solids > Liquids > Gases.








Metamorphic rock type
Schist +Marble + Gneiss






________________________________________________________________


101.
Karewas are Lacustrine deposits.
 Kashmir valley







 from North to South
Correct order: Karakoram -> Ladakh -> Zanskar -> Shiwalik







Lakshadweep island :
Minicoy Island is the southern most island of Lakshadweep





Extensions of Indian Peninsular Block= Karbi Anglong Plateu+ Meghalaya Plateau + Thar Desert in Rajasthan

>Northeastern parts are separated from Chotanagpur plateau by Malda fault in West Bengal.










Horse latitudes extend in
[sub-tropical high pressure belt]







Pangong tso lake
Salt water Lake+  transboundary lake partly in India and partly in Tibet region.








Amrabad Tiger Reserve=  Telangana
Earlier, it was part of 'Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger reserve.








National Common Mobility Card
travel by metro rails and other transport systems across the country
Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs




India's First underwater train= Kolkata





 Jal Jivan Mission
 aims to provide piped water supply to all the households by 2024
implemented by Jal shakti ministry.







Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI) report is released by
 World Economic Forum




Strength of Supreme court judges can be increased by Parliamentary law= Article 124(1)
current strength is 34 including CJI.






Y.S. Malik Panel
 Electric Vehicle related policy



________________________________________________________

121
largest area under sugarcane production in India?
Uttar Pradesh






Vernacular name of which crop are 'Karimbu', 'kabbu' and 'ukh'?
 Sugarcane

English: Cultivated Sugarcane, Noble Cane, Noble Sugarcane, Sugar Cane.
Hindi: Ganna, Eikh, Ukh.
Tamil: karumbu
Malayalam: Karimbu, Karimpu
Kannadam: kabbu









Biodiversity Hotspots in India
Himalaya: Includes the entire Indian Himalayan region
Indo-Burma: Includes entire North-eastern India, except Assam and Andaman group of Islands

Sundalands: Includes Nicobar group of Islands
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka







*China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is said to be a threat to India's sovereignty. The CPEC will link
Kashgar with Gwadar

>China's Kashgar city with Pakistan's Gwadar port in Baluchistan







The Island nation of Maldives is separated from the Indian mainland by -
 Eight-degree channel





*World Bank’s 'ease of doing business'  index,  India ranks
 63rd








 Pravasi Bharatiya Divas :
 9th January every year







*minimum support price (MSP) of paddy for 2019-20 crop season=  Rs 1,815 per quintal

 Who recommends the MSP values to the government?
Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices







_____________________________________________________________

131

*11th BRICS Summit





 NRC (National Citizen Register) :
The process to update the register began following a Supreme Court order in 2013









Geneva Convention often seen in news is related to -
 Humanitarian Law in Armed Conflicts








Kartarpur Sahib= River Ravi





Salt commonly used to make a large number of industrial chemicals
Sodium Chloride






Bleaching powder is formed by treating chlorine with [calcium hydroxide]





[Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate (Sodium bicarbonate)] is the chemical name of Baking Soda.







[Wilt of Potato] caused by the bacteria, is also known as ring disease. because brown ring is formed on the xylem.






[Bacterial Blight] disease= {large yellow spots} appear on leaves that eventually turn brown.






{Bunchy top of Banana} disease of plant is caused due to [virus].>> plant becomes dwarf and all leaves get accumulated.





[Mosaic disease of tobacco]= Chlorophyll is destroyed and leaves shrunk.






The cell was first {discovered and named} by [Robert Hooke] in 1665







"Our religion is in the Kitchen. Our God is in cooking-pot …. If this one goes for another century, everyone of us will be in lunatic asylum."
[Swami Vivekanand]





Krishna Deva Raya= Author of 'Jambavati Kalyanam'
Amukthamalyadha + Ushaparinayam

He also built the famous Vittalaswamy and Hazara
Ramaswamy temples at Vijayanagar.







Whose English translation of Gita influenced Gandhiji to a great extent?
[Edwin Arnold]

>He called it 'Song Celestial'







The capital of the kingdom of the maharaja Ranjeet Singh was
 Lahore





Around 1580, Chand Bibi, {widow of Ali Adil Shah I} of Bijapur, rose to prominence. >>Best known for defending [Ahmednagar] against Mughal forces of Emperor Akbar in 1595.
[Ahmednagar]







Brihadisvara temples that exemplify Chola architecture can be seen at -
[Thanjavur], Tamil Nadu







[Shiva] was not worshipped during the vedic period.



PCS Mock Test Notes 1 (Total 5 Tests) PCS Mock Test Notes 1 (Total 5 Tests) Reviewed by Admin on August 09, 2020 Rating: 5

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